Wayne is a village in DuPage and Kane counties, Illinois, United States. The eastern portion, in DuPage County, is in Wayne Township, while the western portion, in Kane County, is in St. Charles Township
HISTORY OF WAYNE
The Incorporated Village of Wayne is a residential community with an April, 2010 population of 2,431 residents (U.S.Census), nestled within the landscape of the Fox River Valley in the counties of Kane and Dupage, Illinois. Dunham Castle, the Dunham Woods Riding Club, and the "village" are the key features which symbolize the tradition and heritage of Wayne.
The first permanent settlers came to the area now comprising the Village of Wayne in 1834. The Wayne area had been the scene of campaigning during the Black Hawk War, and the old cemetery lying amidst the fields of the old Dunham south farm is a relic of those early days. Until 1850, Wayne Township's thirty six square miles had been entirely agricultural with one exception the small community at Wayne Center east of Illinois Route 59. In 1850 the westerly advance of the Galena and Chicago Union's strap rails dramatically altered the development of Wayne, for it brought new settlers to Wayne Station (now the:"Village of Wayne"). The post office in Wayne Station was established in 1853 and by the turn of the century Wayne Center had been supplanted as the principal community. Solomon Dunham, who was a surveyor as well as a farmer, established the pattern for settlement of Wayne Station when he built an inn, a store, a house, and dedicated land for a public road.
By 1865, Mark W. Dunham, the youngest son of Solomon, had begun breeding and selling prize Percheron horses which he originally imported from France. By 1883 he had over 1,300 mares and stallions grazing on 1,700 acres of land known as Oaklawn Farm. His residence, Oaklawn, now popularly known as "Dunham Castle", was also constructed as part of the farm, and the red brick building which had been the Dunham home (now the Dunham Woods Riding Club) was converted into offices for the farm and guest rooms for visiting horse buyers. Along the main street of the "village", houses were being built to accommodate the families of merchants and men who worked in various capacities for the Oaklawn Farm and the Chicago and Northwestern Railroad.
Today, Wayne "village" and Oaklawn Farm along with Dunham Castle are listed as historic districts in the National Register of Historic Places. The Wayne Road, renamed Army Trail Road in the early 1950's, provides a unique link between the two historic districts. In 1893, Oaklawn Farm was accorded the honor of serving as one of the agricultural displays for the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, and visitors traveled Wayne Road from Wayne Station out to the Broad expanse. The old railroad station still exists and has been returned to its original site in the Village Center. By 1905, Oaklawn Farm produced more Percheron horses for American and European buyers than the next eight establishments combined.
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